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blas.f

      double precision function dasum(n,dx,incx)
c
c     takes the sum of the absolute values.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 3/93 to return if incx .le. 0.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dtemp
      integer i,incx,m,mp1,n,nincx
c
      dasum = 0.0d0
      dtemp = 0.0d0
      if( n.le.0 .or. incx.le.0 )return
      if(incx.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for increment not equal to 1
c
      nincx = n*incx
      do 10 i = 1,nincx,incx
        dtemp = dtemp + dabs(dx(i))
   10 continue
      dasum = dtemp
      return
c
c        code for increment equal to 1
c
c
c        clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,6)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dtemp = dtemp + dabs(dx(i))
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 6 ) go to 60
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,6
        dtemp = dtemp + dabs(dx(i)) + dabs(dx(i + 1)) + dabs(dx(i + 2))
     *  + dabs(dx(i + 3)) + dabs(dx(i + 4)) + dabs(dx(i + 5))
   50 continue
   60 dasum = dtemp
      return
      end
      subroutine daxpy(n,da,dx,incx,dy,incy)
c
c     constant times a vector plus a vector.
c     uses unrolled loops for increments equal to one.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dy(*),da
      integer i,incx,incy,ix,iy,m,mp1,n
c
      if(n.le.0)return
      if (da .eq. 0.0d0) return
      if(incx.eq.1.and.incy.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for unequal increments or equal increments
c          not equal to 1
c
      ix = 1
      iy = 1
      if(incx.lt.0)ix = (-n+1)*incx + 1
      if(incy.lt.0)iy = (-n+1)*incy + 1
      do 10 i = 1,n
        dy(iy) = dy(iy) + da*dx(ix)
        ix = ix + incx
        iy = iy + incy
   10 continue
      return
c
c        code for both increments equal to 1
c
c
c        clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,4)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dy(i) = dy(i) + da*dx(i)
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 4 ) return
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,4
        dy(i) = dy(i) + da*dx(i)
        dy(i + 1) = dy(i + 1) + da*dx(i + 1)
        dy(i + 2) = dy(i + 2) + da*dx(i + 2)
        dy(i + 3) = dy(i + 3) + da*dx(i + 3)
   50 continue
      return
      end
      subroutine  dcopy(n,dx,incx,dy,incy)
c
c     copies a vector, x, to a vector, y.
c     uses unrolled loops for increments equal to one.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dy(*)
      integer i,incx,incy,ix,iy,m,mp1,n
c
      if(n.le.0)return
      if(incx.eq.1.and.incy.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for unequal increments or equal increments
c          not equal to 1
c
      ix = 1
      iy = 1
      if(incx.lt.0)ix = (-n+1)*incx + 1
      if(incy.lt.0)iy = (-n+1)*incy + 1
      do 10 i = 1,n
        dy(iy) = dx(ix)
        ix = ix + incx
        iy = iy + incy
   10 continue
      return
c
c        code for both increments equal to 1
c
c
c        clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,7)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dy(i) = dx(i)
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 7 ) return
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,7
        dy(i) = dx(i)
        dy(i + 1) = dx(i + 1)
        dy(i + 2) = dx(i + 2)
        dy(i + 3) = dx(i + 3)
        dy(i + 4) = dx(i + 4)
        dy(i + 5) = dx(i + 5)
        dy(i + 6) = dx(i + 6)
   50 continue
      return
      end
      double precision function ddot(n,dx,incx,dy,incy)
c
c     forms the dot product of two vectors.
c     uses unrolled loops for increments equal to one.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dy(*),dtemp
      integer i,incx,incy,ix,iy,m,mp1,n
c
      ddot = 0.0d0
      dtemp = 0.0d0
      if(n.le.0)return
      if(incx.eq.1.and.incy.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for unequal increments or equal increments
c          not equal to 1
c
      ix = 1
      iy = 1
      if(incx.lt.0)ix = (-n+1)*incx + 1
      if(incy.lt.0)iy = (-n+1)*incy + 1
      do 10 i = 1,n
        dtemp = dtemp + dx(ix)*dy(iy)
        ix = ix + incx
        iy = iy + incy
   10 continue
      ddot = dtemp
      return
c
c        code for both increments equal to 1
c
c
c        clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,5)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dtemp = dtemp + dx(i)*dy(i)
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 5 ) go to 60
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,5
        dtemp = dtemp + dx(i)*dy(i) + dx(i + 1)*dy(i + 1) +
     *   dx(i + 2)*dy(i + 2) + dx(i + 3)*dy(i + 3) + dx(i + 4)*dy(i + 4)
   50 continue
   60 ddot = dtemp
      return
      end
      SUBROUTINE DGBMV ( TRANS, M, N, KL, KU, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX,
     $                   BETA, Y, INCY )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, KL, KU, LDA, M, N
      CHARACTER*1        TRANS
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DGBMV  performs one of the matrix-vector operations
*
*     y := alpha*A*x + beta*y,   or   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are vectors and A is an
*  m by n band matrix, with kl sub-diagonals and ku super-diagonals.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   y := alpha*A*x + beta*y.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, M specifies the number of rows of the matrix A.
*           M must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  KL     - INTEGER.
*           On entry, KL specifies the number of sub-diagonals of the
*           matrix A. KL must satisfy  0 .le. KL.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  KU     - INTEGER.
*           On entry, KU specifies the number of super-diagonals of the
*           matrix A. KU must satisfy  0 .le. KU.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading ( kl + ku + 1 ) by n part of the
*           array A must contain the matrix of coefficients, supplied
*           column by column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in
*           row ( ku + 1 ) of the array, the first super-diagonal
*           starting at position 2 in row ku, the first sub-diagonal
*           starting at position 1 in row ( ku + 2 ), and so on.
*           Elements in the array A that do not correspond to elements
*           in the band matrix (such as the top left ku by ku triangle)
*           are not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer a band matrix
*           from conventional full matrix storage to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    K = KU + 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = MAX( 1, J - KU ), MIN( M, J + KL )
*                       A( K + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           ( kl + ku + 1 ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ) when TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           and at least
*           ( 1 + ( m - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ) otherwise.
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the
*           vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is
*           supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( m - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ) when TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           and at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ) otherwise.
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the
*           vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the updated vector y.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, K, KUP1, KX, KY,
     $                   LENX, LENY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX, MIN
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( M.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( KL.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( KU.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.( KL + KU + 1 ) )THEN
         INFO = 8
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 10
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 13
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DGBMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( M.EQ.0 ).OR.( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set  LENX  and  LENY, the lengths of the vectors x and y, and set
*     up the start points in  X  and  Y.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
         LENX = N
         LENY = M
      ELSE
         LENX = M
         LENY = N
      END IF
      IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
         KX = 1
      ELSE
         KX = 1 - ( LENX - 1 )*INCX
      END IF
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         KY = 1
      ELSE
         KY = 1 - ( LENY - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through the band part of A.
*
*     First form  y := beta*y.
*
      IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 10, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( I ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 20, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( I ) = BETA*Y( I )
   20          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IY = KY
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 30, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( IY ) = ZERO
                  IY      = IY   + INCY
   30          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( IY ) = BETA*Y( IY )
                  IY      = IY           + INCY
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )
     $   RETURN
      KUP1 = KU + 1
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  y := alpha*A*x + y.
*
         JX = KX
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  K    = KUP1 - J
                  DO 50, I = MAX( 1, J - KU ), MIN( M, J + KL )
                     Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP*A( K + I, J )
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IY   = KY
                  K    = KUP1 - J
                  DO 70, I = MAX( 1, J - KU ), MIN( M, J + KL )
                     Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP*A( K + I, J )
                     IY      = IY      + INCY
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               IF( J.GT.KU )
     $            KY = KY + INCY
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  y := alpha*A'*x + y.
*
         JY = KY
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               TEMP = ZERO
               K    = KUP1 - J
               DO 90, I = MAX( 1, J - KU ), MIN( M, J + KL )
                  TEMP = TEMP + A( K + I, J )*X( I )
   90          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP
               JY      = JY      + INCY
  100       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               TEMP = ZERO
               IX   = KX
               K    = KUP1 - J
               DO 110, I = MAX( 1, J - KU ), MIN( M, J + KL )
                  TEMP = TEMP + A( K + I, J )*X( IX )
                  IX   = IX   + INCX
  110          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP
               JY      = JY      + INCY
               IF( J.GT.KU )
     $            KX = KX + INCX
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DGBMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DGEMM ( TRANSA, TRANSB, M, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA, B, LDB,
     $                   BETA, C, LDC )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        TRANSA, TRANSB
      INTEGER            M, N, K, LDA, LDB, LDC
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), C( LDC, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DGEMM  performs one of the matrix-matrix operations
*
*     C := alpha*op( A )*op( B ) + beta*C,
*
*  where  op( X ) is one of
*
*     op( X ) = X   or   op( X ) = X',
*
*  alpha and beta are scalars, and A, B and C are matrices, with op( A )
*  an m by k matrix,  op( B )  a  k by n matrix and  C an m by n matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  TRANSA - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
*           the matrix multiplication as follows:
*
*              TRANSA = 'N' or 'n',  op( A ) = A.
*
*              TRANSA = 'T' or 't',  op( A ) = A'.
*
*              TRANSA = 'C' or 'c',  op( A ) = A'.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANSB - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANSB specifies the form of op( B ) to be used in
*           the matrix multiplication as follows:
*
*              TRANSB = 'N' or 'n',  op( B ) = B.
*
*              TRANSB = 'T' or 't',  op( B ) = B'.
*
*              TRANSB = 'C' or 'c',  op( B ) = B'.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  M  specifies  the number  of rows  of the  matrix
*           op( A )  and of the  matrix  C.  M  must  be at least  zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  N  specifies the number  of columns of the matrix
*           op( B ) and the number of columns of the matrix C. N must be
*           at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  K  specifies  the number of columns of the matrix
*           op( A ) and the number of rows of the matrix op( B ). K must
*           be at least  zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, ka ), where ka is
*           k  when  TRANSA = 'N' or 'n',  and is  m  otherwise.
*           Before entry with  TRANSA = 'N' or 'n',  the leading  m by k
*           part of the array  A  must contain the matrix  A,  otherwise
*           the leading  k by m  part of the array  A  must contain  the
*           matrix A.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. When  TRANSA = 'N' or 'n' then
*           LDA must be at least  max( 1, m ), otherwise  LDA must be at
*           least  max( 1, k ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  B      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDB, kb ), where kb is
*           n  when  TRANSB = 'N' or 'n',  and is  k  otherwise.
*           Before entry with  TRANSB = 'N' or 'n',  the leading  k by n
*           part of the array  B  must contain the matrix  B,  otherwise
*           the leading  n by k  part of the array  B  must contain  the
*           matrix B.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDB    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. When  TRANSB = 'N' or 'n' then
*           LDB must be at least  max( 1, k ), otherwise  LDB must be at
*           least  max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry,  BETA  specifies the scalar  beta.  When  BETA  is
*           supplied as zero then C need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  C      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDC, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading  m by n  part of the array  C must
*           contain the matrix  C,  except when  beta  is zero, in which
*           case C need not be set on entry.
*           On exit, the array  C  is overwritten by the  m by n  matrix
*           ( alpha*op( A )*op( B ) + beta*C ).
*
*  LDC    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDC specifies the first dimension of C as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDC  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            NOTA, NOTB
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, L, NCOLA, NROWA, NROWB
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Set  NOTA  and  NOTB  as  true if  A  and  B  respectively are not
*     transposed and set  NROWA, NCOLA and  NROWB  as the number of rows
*     and  columns of  A  and the  number of  rows  of  B  respectively.
*
      NOTA  = LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' )
      NOTB  = LSAME( TRANSB, 'N' )
      IF( NOTA )THEN
         NROWA = M
         NCOLA = K
      ELSE
         NROWA = K
         NCOLA = M
      END IF
      IF( NOTB )THEN
         NROWB = K
      ELSE
         NROWB = N
      END IF
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.NOTA                 ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'C' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'T' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.NOTB                 ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSB, 'C' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSB, 'T' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( M  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( K  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 8
      ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, NROWB ) )THEN
         INFO = 10
      ELSE IF( LDC.LT.MAX( 1, M     ) )THEN
         INFO = 13
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DGEMM ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( M.EQ.0 ).OR.( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).OR.( K.EQ.0 ) ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And if  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               DO 10, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               DO 30, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   30          CONTINUE
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( NOTB )THEN
         IF( NOTA )THEN
*
*           Form  C := alpha*A*B + beta*C.
*
            DO 90, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 50, I = 1, M
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   50             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 60, I = 1, M
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   60             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 80, L = 1, K
                  IF( B( L, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = ALPHA*B( L, J )
                     DO 70, I = 1, M
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, L )
   70                CONTINUE
                  END IF
   80          CONTINUE
   90       CONTINUE
         ELSE
*
*           Form  C := alpha*A'*B + beta*C
*
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               DO 110, I = 1, M
                  TEMP = ZERO
                  DO 100, L = 1, K
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L, I )*B( L, J )
  100             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP + BETA*C( I, J )
                  END IF
  110          CONTINUE
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
         IF( NOTA )THEN
*
*           Form  C := alpha*A*B' + beta*C
*
            DO 170, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 130, I = 1, M
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
  130             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 140, I = 1, M
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
  140             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 160, L = 1, K
                  IF( B( J, L ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = ALPHA*B( J, L )
                     DO 150, I = 1, M
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, L )
  150                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  160          CONTINUE
  170       CONTINUE
         ELSE
*
*           Form  C := alpha*A'*B' + beta*C
*
            DO 200, J = 1, N
               DO 190, I = 1, M
                  TEMP = ZERO
                  DO 180, L = 1, K
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L, I )*B( J, L )
  180             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP + BETA*C( I, J )
                  END IF
  190          CONTINUE
  200       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DGEMM .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DGEMV ( TRANS, M, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX,
     $                   BETA, Y, INCY )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, LDA, M, N
      CHARACTER*1        TRANS
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DGEMV  performs one of the matrix-vector operations
*
*     y := alpha*A*x + beta*y,   or   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are vectors and A is an
*  m by n matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   y := alpha*A*x + beta*y.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   y := alpha*A'*x + beta*y.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, M specifies the number of rows of the matrix A.
*           M must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading m by n part of the array A must
*           contain the matrix of coefficients.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ) when TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           and at least
*           ( 1 + ( m - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ) otherwise.
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the
*           vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is
*           supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( m - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ) when TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           and at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ) otherwise.
*           Before entry with BETA non-zero, the incremented array Y
*           must contain the vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the
*           updated vector y.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, KX, KY, LENX, LENY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( M.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, M ) )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 8
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 11
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DGEMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( M.EQ.0 ).OR.( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set  LENX  and  LENY, the lengths of the vectors x and y, and set
*     up the start points in  X  and  Y.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
         LENX = N
         LENY = M
      ELSE
         LENX = M
         LENY = N
      END IF
      IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
         KX = 1
      ELSE
         KX = 1 - ( LENX - 1 )*INCX
      END IF
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         KY = 1
      ELSE
         KY = 1 - ( LENY - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
*     First form  y := beta*y.
*
      IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 10, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( I ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 20, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( I ) = BETA*Y( I )
   20          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IY = KY
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 30, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( IY ) = ZERO
                  IY      = IY   + INCY
   30          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, I = 1, LENY
                  Y( IY ) = BETA*Y( IY )
                  IY      = IY           + INCY
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )
     $   RETURN
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  y := alpha*A*x + y.
*
         JX = KX
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  DO 50, I = 1, M
                     Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IY   = KY
                  DO 70, I = 1, M
                     Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
                     IY      = IY      + INCY
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  y := alpha*A'*x + y.
*
         JY = KY
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               TEMP = ZERO
               DO 90, I = 1, M
                  TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( I )
   90          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP
               JY      = JY      + INCY
  100       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               TEMP = ZERO
               IX   = KX
               DO 110, I = 1, M
                  TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( IX )
                  IX   = IX   + INCX
  110          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP
               JY      = JY      + INCY
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DGEMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DGER  ( M, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, Y, INCY, A, LDA )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, LDA, M, N
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DGER   performs the rank 1 operation
*
*     A := alpha*x*y' + A,
*
*  where alpha is a scalar, x is an m element vector, y is an n element
*  vector and A is an m by n matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, M specifies the number of rows of the matrix A.
*           M must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( m - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the m
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n
*           element vector y.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading m by n part of the array A must
*           contain the matrix of coefficients. On exit, A is
*           overwritten by the updated matrix.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JY, KX
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( M.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, M ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DGER  ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( M.EQ.0 ).OR.( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         JY = 1
      ELSE
         JY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
      IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
         DO 20, J = 1, N
            IF( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO )THEN
               TEMP = ALPHA*Y( JY )
               DO 10, I = 1, M
                  A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP
   10          CONTINUE
            END IF
            JY = JY + INCY
   20    CONTINUE
      ELSE
         IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
            KX = 1
         ELSE
            KX = 1 - ( M - 1 )*INCX
         END IF
         DO 40, J = 1, N
            IF( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO )THEN
               TEMP = ALPHA*Y( JY )
               IX   = KX
               DO 30, I = 1, M
                  A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP
                  IX        = IX        + INCX
   30          CONTINUE
            END IF
            JY = JY + INCY
   40    CONTINUE
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DGER  .
*
      END
      DOUBLE PRECISION FUNCTION DNRM2 ( N, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER                           INCX, N
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION                  X( * )
*     ..
*
*  DNRM2 returns the euclidean norm of a vector via the function
*  name, so that
*
*     DNRM2 := sqrt( x'*x )
*
*
*
*  -- This version written on 25-October-1982.
*     Modified on 14-October-1993 to inline the call to DLASSQ.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Ltd.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION      ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER           ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      INTEGER               IX
      DOUBLE PRECISION      ABSXI, NORM, SCALE, SSQ
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC             ABS, SQRT
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
      IF( N.LT.1 .OR. INCX.LT.1 )THEN
         NORM  = ZERO
      ELSE IF( N.EQ.1 )THEN
         NORM  = ABS( X( 1 ) )
      ELSE
         SCALE = ZERO
         SSQ   = ONE
*        The following loop is equivalent to this call to the LAPACK
*        auxiliary routine:
*        CALL DLASSQ( N, X, INCX, SCALE, SSQ )
*
         DO 10, IX = 1, 1 + ( N - 1 )*INCX, INCX
            IF( X( IX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
               ABSXI = ABS( X( IX ) )
               IF( SCALE.LT.ABSXI )THEN
                  SSQ   = ONE   + SSQ*( SCALE/ABSXI )**2
                  SCALE = ABSXI
               ELSE
                  SSQ   = SSQ   +     ( ABSXI/SCALE )**2
               END IF
            END IF
   10    CONTINUE
         NORM  = SCALE * SQRT( SSQ )
      END IF
*
      DNRM2 = NORM
      RETURN
*
*     End of DNRM2.
*
      END
      subroutine  drot (n,dx,incx,dy,incy,c,s)
c
c     applies a plane rotation.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dy(*),dtemp,c,s
      integer i,incx,incy,ix,iy,n
c
      if(n.le.0)return
      if(incx.eq.1.and.incy.eq.1)go to 20
c
c       code for unequal increments or equal increments not equal
c         to 1
c
      ix = 1
      iy = 1
      if(incx.lt.0)ix = (-n+1)*incx + 1
      if(incy.lt.0)iy = (-n+1)*incy + 1
      do 10 i = 1,n
        dtemp = c*dx(ix) + s*dy(iy)
        dy(iy) = c*dy(iy) - s*dx(ix)
        dx(ix) = dtemp
        ix = ix + incx
        iy = iy + incy
   10 continue
      return
c
c       code for both increments equal to 1
c
   20 do 30 i = 1,n
        dtemp = c*dx(i) + s*dy(i)
        dy(i) = c*dy(i) - s*dx(i)
        dx(i) = dtemp
   30 continue
      return
      end
      subroutine drotg(da,db,c,s)
c
c     construct givens plane rotation.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c
      double precision da,db,c,s,roe,scale,r,z
c
      roe = db
      if( dabs(da) .gt. dabs(db) ) roe = da
      scale = dabs(da) + dabs(db)
      if( scale .ne. 0.0d0 ) go to 10
         c = 1.0d0
         s = 0.0d0
         r = 0.0d0
         z = 0.0d0
         go to 20
   10 r = scale*dsqrt((da/scale)**2 + (db/scale)**2)
      r = dsign(1.0d0,roe)*r
      c = da/r
      s = db/r
      z = 1.0d0
      if( dabs(da) .gt. dabs(db) ) z = s
      if( dabs(db) .ge. dabs(da) .and. c .ne. 0.0d0 ) z = 1.0d0/c
   20 da = r
      db = z
      return
      end

      SUBROUTINE DROTM (N,DX,INCX,DY,INCY,DPARAM)
C
C     APPLY THE MODIFIED GIVENS TRANSFORMATION, H, TO THE 2 BY N MATRIX
C
C     (DX**T) , WHERE **T INDICATES TRANSPOSE. THE ELEMENTS OF DX ARE IN
C     (DY**T)
C
C     DX(LX+I*INCX), I = 0 TO N-1, WHERE LX = 1 IF INCX .GE. 0, ELSE
C     LX = (-INCX)*N, AND SIMILARLY FOR SY USING LY AND INCY.
C     WITH DPARAM(1)=DFLAG, H HAS ONE OF THE FOLLOWING FORMS..
C
C     DFLAG=-1.D0     DFLAG=0.D0        DFLAG=1.D0     DFLAG=-2.D0
C
C       (DH11  DH12)    (1.D0  DH12)    (DH11  1.D0)    (1.D0  0.D0)
C     H=(          )    (          )    (          )    (          )
C       (DH21  DH22),   (DH21  1.D0),   (-1.D0 DH22),   (0.D0  1.D0).
C     SEE DROTMG FOR A DESCRIPTION OF DATA STORAGE IN DPARAM.
C
      INTEGER N, INCX, INCY
      INTEGER NSTEPS, I, KX,KY
      DOUBLE PRECISION DFLAG,DH12,DH22,DX,TWO,Z,DH11,DH21,
     1 DPARAM,DY,W,ZERO
      DIMENSION DX(1),DY(1),DPARAM(5)
      DATA ZERO,TWO/0.D0,2.D0/
C
      DFLAG=DPARAM(1)
      IF(N .LE. 0 .OR.(DFLAG+TWO.EQ.ZERO)) GO TO 140
          IF(.NOT.(INCX.EQ.INCY.AND. INCX .GT.0)) GO TO 70
C
               NSTEPS=N*INCX
C               IF(DFLAG) 50,10,30
               IF(DFLAG .GT. 0.0) GOTO 50
               IF(DFLAG .LT. 0.0) GOTO 30
               DH12=DPARAM(4)
               DH21=DPARAM(3)
                    DO 20 I=1,NSTEPS,INCX
                    W=DX(I)
                    Z=DY(I)
                    DX(I)=W+Z*DH12
                    DY(I)=W*DH21+Z
   20               CONTINUE
               GO TO 140
   30          CONTINUE
               DH11=DPARAM(2)
               DH22=DPARAM(5)
                    DO 40 I=1,NSTEPS,INCX
                    W=DX(I)
                    Z=DY(I)
                    DX(I)=W*DH11+Z
                    DY(I)=-W+DH22*Z
   40               CONTINUE
               GO TO 140
   50          CONTINUE
               DH11=DPARAM(2)
               DH12=DPARAM(4)
               DH21=DPARAM(3)
               DH22=DPARAM(5)
                    DO 60 I=1,NSTEPS,INCX
                    W=DX(I)
                    Z=DY(I)
                    DX(I)=W*DH11+Z*DH12
                    DY(I)=W*DH21+Z*DH22
   60               CONTINUE
               GO TO 140
   70     CONTINUE
          KX=1
          KY=1
          IF(INCX .LT. 0) KX=1+(1-N)*INCX
          IF(INCY .LT. 0) KY=1+(1-N)*INCY
C
C          IF(DFLAG)120,80,100
          IF(DFLAG. GT. ZERO) GOTO 120
          IF(DFLAG. LT. ZERO) GOTO 100
          DH12=DPARAM(4)
          DH21=DPARAM(3)
               DO 90 I=1,N
               W=DX(KX)
               Z=DY(KY)
               DX(KX)=W+Z*DH12
               DY(KY)=W*DH21+Z
               KX=KX+INCX
               KY=KY+INCY
   90          CONTINUE
          GO TO 140
  100     CONTINUE
          DH11=DPARAM(2)
          DH22=DPARAM(5)
               DO 110 I=1,N
               W=DX(KX)
               Z=DY(KY)
               DX(KX)=W*DH11+Z
               DY(KY)=-W+DH22*Z
               KX=KX+INCX
               KY=KY+INCY
  110          CONTINUE
          GO TO 140
  120     CONTINUE
          DH11=DPARAM(2)
          DH12=DPARAM(4)
          DH21=DPARAM(3)
          DH22=DPARAM(5)
               DO 130 I=1,N
               W=DX(KX)
               Z=DY(KY)
               DX(KX)=W*DH11+Z*DH12
               DY(KY)=W*DH21+Z*DH22
               KX=KX+INCX
               KY=KY+INCY
  130          CONTINUE
  140     CONTINUE
          RETURN
          END
      SUBROUTINE DROTMG (DD1,DD2,DX1,DY1,DPARAM)
C
C     CONSTRUCT THE MODIFIED GIVENS TRANSFORMATION MATRIX H WHICH ZEROS
C     THE SECOND COMPONENT OF THE 2-VECTOR  (DSQRT(DD1)*DX1,DSQRT(DD2)*
C     DY2)**T.
C     WITH DPARAM(1)=DFLAG, H HAS ONE OF THE FOLLOWING FORMS..
C
C     DFLAG=-1.D0     DFLAG=0.D0        DFLAG=1.D0     DFLAG=-2.D0
C
C       (DH11  DH12)    (1.D0  DH12)    (DH11  1.D0)    (1.D0  0.D0)
C     H=(          )    (          )    (          )    (          )
C       (DH21  DH22),   (DH21  1.D0),   (-1.D0 DH22),   (0.D0  1.D0).
C     LOCATIONS 2-4 OF DPARAM CONTAIN DH11, DH21, DH12, AND DH22
C     RESPECTIVELY. (VALUES OF 1.D0, -1.D0, OR 0.D0 IMPLIED BY THE
C     VALUE OF DPARAM(1) ARE NOT STORED IN DPARAM.)
C
C     THE VALUES OF GAMSQ AND RGAMSQ SET IN THE DATA STATEMENT MAY BE
C     INEXACT.  THIS IS OK AS THEY ARE ONLY USED FOR TESTING THE SIZE
C     OF DD1 AND DD2.  ALL ACTUAL SCALING OF DATA IS DONE USING GAM.
C
      DOUBLE PRECISION GAM,ONE,RGAMSQ,DD2,DH11,DH21,DPARAM,DP2,
     1 DQ2,DU,DY1,ZERO,GAMSQ,DD1,DFLAG,DH12,DH22,DP1,DQ1,
     2 DTEMP,DX1,TWO
      DIMENSION DPARAM(5)
C
      INTEGER IGO
C
      DATA ZERO,ONE,TWO /0.D0,1.D0,2.D0/
      DATA GAM,GAMSQ,RGAMSQ/4096.D0,16777216.D0,5.9604645D-8/
C

      IF(.NOT. DD1 .LT. ZERO) GO TO 10
C       GO ZERO-H-D-AND-DX1..
          GO TO 60
   10 CONTINUE
C     CASE-DD1-NONNEGATIVE
      DP2=DD2*DY1
      IF(.NOT. DP2 .EQ. ZERO) GO TO 20
          DFLAG=-TWO
          GO TO 260
C     REGULAR-CASE..
   20 CONTINUE
      DP1=DD1*DX1
      DQ2=DP2*DY1
      DQ1=DP1*DX1
C
      IF(.NOT. DABS(DQ1) .GT. DABS(DQ2)) GO TO 40
          DH21=-DY1/DX1
          DH12=DP2/DP1
C
          DU=ONE-DH12*DH21
C
          IF(.NOT. DU .LE. ZERO) GO TO 30
C         GO ZERO-H-D-AND-DX1..
               GO TO 60
   30     CONTINUE
               DFLAG=ZERO
               DD1=DD1/DU
               DD2=DD2/DU
               DX1=DX1*DU
C         GO SCALE-CHECK..
               GO TO 100
   40 CONTINUE
          IF(.NOT. DQ2 .LT. ZERO) GO TO 50
C         GO ZERO-H-D-AND-DX1..
               GO TO 60
   50     CONTINUE
               DFLAG=ONE
               DH11=DP1/DP2
               DH22=DX1/DY1
               DU=ONE+DH11*DH22
               DTEMP=DD2/DU
               DD2=DD1/DU
               DD1=DTEMP
               DX1=DY1*DU
C         GO SCALE-CHECK
               GO TO 100
C     PROCEDURE..ZERO-H-D-AND-DX1..
   60 CONTINUE
          DFLAG=-ONE
          DH11=ZERO
          DH12=ZERO
          DH21=ZERO
          DH22=ZERO
C
          DD1=ZERO
          DD2=ZERO
          DX1=ZERO
C         RETURN..
          GO TO 220
C     PROCEDURE..FIX-H..
   70 CONTINUE
      IF(.NOT. DFLAG .GE. ZERO) GO TO 90
C
          IF(.NOT. DFLAG .EQ. ZERO) GO TO 80
          DH11=ONE
          DH22=ONE
          DFLAG=-ONE
          GO TO 90
   80     CONTINUE
          DH21=-ONE
          DH12=ONE
          DFLAG=-ONE
   90 CONTINUE
      IF (IGO .EQ. 120) GOTO 120
      IF (IGO .EQ. 150) GOTO 150
      IF (IGO .EQ. 180) GOTO 180
      IF (IGO .EQ. 210) GOTO 210
C     PROCEDURE..SCALE-CHECK
  100 CONTINUE
  110     CONTINUE
          IF(.NOT. DD1 .LE. RGAMSQ) GO TO 130
               IF(DD1 .EQ. ZERO) GO TO 160
               IGO = 120
C              FIX-H..
               GO TO 70
  120          CONTINUE
               DD1=DD1*GAM**2
               DX1=DX1/GAM
               DH11=DH11/GAM
               DH12=DH12/GAM
          GO TO 110
  130 CONTINUE
  140     CONTINUE
          IF(.NOT. DD1 .GE. GAMSQ) GO TO 160
               IGO = 150
C              FIX-H..
               GO TO 70
  150          CONTINUE
               DD1=DD1/GAM**2
               DX1=DX1*GAM
               DH11=DH11*GAM
               DH12=DH12*GAM
          GO TO 140
  160 CONTINUE
  170     CONTINUE
          IF(.NOT. DABS(DD2) .LE. RGAMSQ) GO TO 190
               IF(DD2 .EQ. ZERO) GO TO 220
               IGO = 180
C              FIX-H..
               GO TO 70
  180          CONTINUE
               DD2=DD2*GAM**2
               DH21=DH21/GAM
               DH22=DH22/GAM
          GO TO 170
  190 CONTINUE
  200     CONTINUE
          IF(.NOT. DABS(DD2) .GE. GAMSQ) GO TO 220
               IGO = 210
C              FIX-H..
               GO TO 70
  210          CONTINUE
               DD2=DD2/GAM**2
               DH21=DH21*GAM
               DH22=DH22*GAM
          GO TO 200
  220 CONTINUE
C          IF(DFLAG)250,230,240
          IF(DFLAG .GT. ZERO) GOTO 250
          IF(DFLAG .LT. ZERO) GOTO 240
               DPARAM(3)=DH21
               DPARAM(4)=DH12
               GO TO 260
  240     CONTINUE
               DPARAM(2)=DH11
               DPARAM(5)=DH22
               GO TO 260
  250     CONTINUE
               DPARAM(2)=DH11
               DPARAM(3)=DH21
               DPARAM(4)=DH12
               DPARAM(5)=DH22
  260 CONTINUE
          DPARAM(1)=DFLAG
          RETURN
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSBMV ( UPLO, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX,
     $                   BETA, Y, INCY )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, K, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSBMV  performs the matrix-vector  operation
*
*     y := alpha*A*x + beta*y,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are n element vectors and
*  A is an n by n symmetric band matrix, with k super-diagonals.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the band matrix A is being supplied as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   The upper triangular part of A is
*                                  being supplied.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   The lower triangular part of A is
*                                  being supplied.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, K specifies the number of super-diagonals of the
*           matrix A. K must satisfy  0 .le. K.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the upper triangular
*           band part of the symmetric matrix, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row
*           ( k + 1 ) of the array, the first super-diagonal starting at
*           position 2 in row k, and so on. The top left k by k triangle
*           of the array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer the upper
*           triangular part of a symmetric band matrix from conventional
*           full matrix storage to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = K + 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the lower triangular
*           band part of the symmetric matrix, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row 1 of
*           the array, the first sub-diagonal starting at position 1 in
*           row 2, and so on. The bottom right k by k triangle of the
*           array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer the lower
*           triangular part of a symmetric band matrix from conventional
*           full matrix storage to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = J, MIN( N, J + K )
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           ( k + 1 ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the
*           vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the
*           vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the updated vector y.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, KPLUS1, KX, KY, L
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX, MIN
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( K.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.( K + 1 ) )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 8
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 11
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSBMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set up the start points in  X  and  Y.
*
      IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
         KX = 1
      ELSE
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      END IF
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         KY = 1
      ELSE
         KY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of the array A
*     are accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
*     First form  y := beta*y.
*
      IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 10, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 20, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = BETA*Y( I )
   20          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IY = KY
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 30, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = ZERO
                  IY      = IY   + INCY
   30          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = BETA*Y( IY )
                  IY      = IY           + INCY
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )
     $   RETURN
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  y  when upper triangle of A is stored.
*
         KPLUS1 = K + 1
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               L     = KPLUS1 - J
               DO 50, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*A( L + I, J )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + A( L + I, J )*X( I )
   50          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + TEMP1*A( KPLUS1, J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               IX    = KX
               IY    = KY
               L     = KPLUS1 - J
               DO 70, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*A( L + I, J )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
   70          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + TEMP1*A( KPLUS1, J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
               IF( J.GT.K )THEN
                  KX = KX + INCX
                  KY = KY + INCY
               END IF
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  y  when lower triangle of A is stored.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               TEMP1  = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2  = ZERO
               Y( J ) = Y( J )       + TEMP1*A( 1, J )
               L      = 1            - J
               DO 90, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*A( L + I, J )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + A( L + I, J )*X( I )
   90          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
  100       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               TEMP1   = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2   = ZERO
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY )       + TEMP1*A( 1, J )
               L       = 1             - J
               IX      = JX
               IY      = JY
               DO 110, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*A( L + I, J )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
  110          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSBMV .
*
      END
      subroutine  dscal(n,da,dx,incx)
c
c     scales a vector by a constant.
c     uses unrolled loops for increment equal to one.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 3/93 to return if incx .le. 0.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision da,dx(*)
      integer i,incx,m,mp1,n,nincx
c
      if( n.le.0 .or. incx.le.0 )return
      if(incx.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for increment not equal to 1
c
      nincx = n*incx
      do 10 i = 1,nincx,incx
        dx(i) = da*dx(i)
   10 continue
      return
c
c        code for increment equal to 1
c
c
c        clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,5)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dx(i) = da*dx(i)
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 5 ) return
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,5
        dx(i) = da*dx(i)
        dx(i + 1) = da*dx(i + 1)
        dx(i + 2) = da*dx(i + 2)
        dx(i + 3) = da*dx(i + 3)
        dx(i + 4) = da*dx(i + 4)
   50 continue
      return
      end
*DECK DSDOT
      DOUBLE PRECISION FUNCTION DSDOT (N, SX, INCX, SY, INCY)
C***BEGIN PROLOGUE  DSDOT
C***PURPOSE  Compute the inner product of two vectors with extended
C            precision accumulation and result.
C***LIBRARY   SLATEC (BLAS)
C***CATEGORY  D1A4
C***TYPE      DOUBLE PRECISION (DSDOT-D, DCDOT-C)
C***KEYWORDS  BLAS, COMPLEX VECTORS, DOT PRODUCT, INNER PRODUCT,
C             LINEAR ALGEBRA, VECTOR
C***AUTHOR  Lawson, C. L., (JPL)
C           Hanson, R. J., (SNLA)
C           Kincaid, D. R., (U. of Texas)
C           Krogh, F. T., (JPL)
C***DESCRIPTION
C
C                B L A S  Subprogram
C    Description of Parameters
C
C     --Input--
C        N  number of elements in input vector(s)
C       SX  single precision vector with N elements
C     INCX  storage spacing between elements of SX
C       SY  single precision vector with N elements
C     INCY  storage spacing between elements of SY
C
C     --Output--
C    DSDOT  double precision dot product (zero if N.LE.0)
C
C     Returns D.P. dot product accumulated in D.P., for S.P. SX and SY
C     DSDOT = sum for I = 0 to N-1 of  SX(LX+I*INCX) * SY(LY+I*INCY),
C     where LX = 1 if INCX .GE. 0, else LX = 1+(1-N)*INCX, and LY is
C     defined in a similar way using INCY.
C
C***REFERENCES  C. L. Lawson, R. J. Hanson, D. R. Kincaid and F. T.
C                 Krogh, Basic linear algebra subprograms for Fortran
C                 usage, Algorithm No. 539, Transactions on Mathematical
C                 Software 5, 3 (September 1979), pp. 308-323.
C***ROUTINES CALLED  (NONE)
C***REVISION HISTORY  (YYMMDD)
C   791001  DATE WRITTEN
C   890831  Modified array declarations.  (WRB)
C   890831  REVISION DATE from Version 3.2
C   891214  Prologue converted to Version 4.0 format.  (BAB)
C   920310  Corrected definition of LX in DESCRIPTION.  (WRB)
C   920501  Reformatted the REFERENCES section.  (WRB)
C***END PROLOGUE  DSDOT
      REAL SX(*),SY(*)
      INTEGER N, INCX, INCY
C
      INTEGER KX,KY,I,NS
C
C***FIRST EXECUTABLE STATEMENT  DSDOT
      DSDOT = 0.0D0
      IF (N .LE. 0) RETURN
      IF (INCX.EQ.INCY .AND. INCX.GT.0) GO TO 20
C
C     Code for unequal or nonpositive increments.
C
      KX = 1
      KY = 1
      IF (INCX .LT. 0) KX = 1+(1-N)*INCX
      IF (INCY .LT. 0) KY = 1+(1-N)*INCY
      DO 10 I = 1,N
        DSDOT = DSDOT + DBLE(SX(KX))*DBLE(SY(KY))
        KX = KX + INCX
        KY = KY + INCY
   10 CONTINUE
      RETURN
C
C     Code for equal, positive, non-unit increments.
C
   20 NS = N*INCX
      DO 30 I = 1,NS,INCX
        DSDOT = DSDOT + DBLE(SX(I))*DBLE(SY(I))
   30 CONTINUE
      RETURN
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSPMV ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, AP, X, INCX, BETA, Y, INCY )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   AP( * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSPMV  performs the matrix-vector operation
*
*     y := alpha*A*x + beta*y,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are n element vectors and
*  A is an n by n symmetric matrix, supplied in packed form.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the matrix A is supplied in the packed
*           array AP as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   The upper triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   The lower triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  AP     - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( ( n*( n + 1 ) )/2 ).
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the array AP must
*           contain the upper triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 1, 2 )
*           and a( 2, 2 ) respectively, and so on.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the array AP must
*           contain the lower triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 2, 1 )
*           and a( 3, 1 ) respectively, and so on.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is
*           supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n
*           element vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the updated
*           vector y.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, K, KK, KX, KY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 9
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSPMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set up the start points in  X  and  Y.
*
      IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
         KX = 1
      ELSE
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      END IF
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         KY = 1
      ELSE
         KY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of the array AP
*     are accessed sequentially with one pass through AP.
*
*     First form  y := beta*y.
*
      IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 10, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 20, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = BETA*Y( I )
   20          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IY = KY
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 30, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = ZERO
                  IY      = IY   + INCY
   30          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = BETA*Y( IY )
                  IY      = IY           + INCY
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )
     $   RETURN
      KK = 1
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  y  when AP contains the upper triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               K     = KK
               DO 50, I = 1, J - 1
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*AP( K )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + AP( K )*X( I )
                  K      = K      + 1
   50          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + TEMP1*AP( KK + J - 1 ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               KK     = KK     + J
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               IX    = KX
               IY    = KY
               DO 70, K = KK, KK + J - 2
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*AP( K )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + AP( K )*X( IX )
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
   70          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + TEMP1*AP( KK + J - 1 ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
               KK      = KK      + J
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  y  when AP contains the lower triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               TEMP1  = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2  = ZERO
               Y( J ) = Y( J )       + TEMP1*AP( KK )
               K      = KK           + 1
               DO 90, I = J + 1, N
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*AP( K )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + AP( K )*X( I )
                  K      = K      + 1
   90          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               KK     = KK     + ( N - J + 1 )
  100       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               TEMP1   = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2   = ZERO
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY )       + TEMP1*AP( KK )
               IX      = JX
               IY      = JY
               DO 110, K = KK + 1, KK + N - J
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*AP( K )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + AP( K )*X( IX )
  110          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
               KK      = KK      + ( N - J + 1 )
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSPMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSPR  ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, AP )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
      INTEGER            INCX, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   AP( * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSPR    performs the symmetric rank 1 operation
*
*     A := alpha*x*x' + A,
*
*  where alpha is a real scalar, x is an n element vector and A is an
*  n by n symmetric matrix, supplied in packed form.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the matrix A is supplied in the packed
*           array AP as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   The upper triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   The lower triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  AP     - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( ( n*( n + 1 ) )/2 ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the array AP must
*           contain the upper triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 1, 2 )
*           and a( 2, 2 ) respectively, and so on. On exit, the array
*           AP is overwritten by the upper triangular part of the
*           updated matrix.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the array AP must
*           contain the lower triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 2, 1 )
*           and a( 3, 1 ) respectively, and so on. On exit, the array
*           AP is overwritten by the lower triangular part of the
*           updated matrix.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, K, KK, KX
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSPR  ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set the start point in X if the increment is not unity.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of the array AP
*     are accessed sequentially with one pass through AP.
*
      KK = 1
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  A  when upper triangle is stored in AP.
*
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( J )
                  K    = KK
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( I )*TEMP
                     K       = K       + 1
   10             CONTINUE
               END IF
               KK = KK + J
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 30, K = KK, KK + J - 1
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( IX )*TEMP
                     IX      = IX      + INCX
   30             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               KK = KK + J
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  A  when lower triangle is stored in AP.
*
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( J )
                  K    = KK
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( I )*TEMP
                     K       = K       + 1
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
               KK = KK + N - J + 1
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  DO 70, K = KK, KK + N - J
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( IX )*TEMP
                     IX      = IX      + INCX
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               KK = KK + N - J + 1
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSPR  .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSPR2 ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, Y, INCY, AP )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   AP( * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSPR2  performs the symmetric rank 2 operation
*
*     A := alpha*x*y' + alpha*y*x' + A,
*
*  where alpha is a scalar, x and y are n element vectors and A is an
*  n by n symmetric matrix, supplied in packed form.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the matrix A is supplied in the packed
*           array AP as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   The upper triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   The lower triangular part of A is
*                                  supplied in AP.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n
*           element vector y.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  AP     - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( ( n*( n + 1 ) )/2 ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the array AP must
*           contain the upper triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 1, 2 )
*           and a( 2, 2 ) respectively, and so on. On exit, the array
*           AP is overwritten by the upper triangular part of the
*           updated matrix.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the array AP must
*           contain the lower triangular part of the symmetric matrix
*           packed sequentially, column by column, so that AP( 1 )
*           contains a( 1, 1 ), AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 2, 1 )
*           and a( 3, 1 ) respectively, and so on. On exit, the array
*           AP is overwritten by the lower triangular part of the
*           updated matrix.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, K, KK, KX, KY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSPR2 ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set up the start points in X and Y if the increments are not both
*     unity.
*
      IF( ( INCX.NE.1 ).OR.( INCY.NE.1 ) )THEN
         IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
            KX = 1
         ELSE
            KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
         END IF
         IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
            KY = 1
         ELSE
            KY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
         END IF
         JX = KX
         JY = KY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of the array AP
*     are accessed sequentially with one pass through AP.
*
      KK = 1
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  A  when upper triangle is stored in AP.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( J ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( J ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( J )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( J )
                  K     = KK
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( I )*TEMP1 + Y( I )*TEMP2
                     K       = K       + 1
   10             CONTINUE
               END IF
               KK = KK + J
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( JX ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( JY )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX    = KX
                  IY    = KY
                  DO 30, K = KK, KK + J - 1
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( IX )*TEMP1 + Y( IY )*TEMP2
                     IX      = IX      + INCX
                     IY      = IY      + INCY
   30             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               JY = JY + INCY
               KK = KK + J
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  A  when lower triangle is stored in AP.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( J ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( J ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( J )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( J )
                  K     = KK
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( I )*TEMP1 + Y( I )*TEMP2
                     K       = K       + 1
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
               KK = KK + N - J + 1
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( JX ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( JY )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX    = JX
                  IY    = JY
                  DO 70, K = KK, KK + N - J
                     AP( K ) = AP( K ) + X( IX )*TEMP1 + Y( IY )*TEMP2
                     IX      = IX      + INCX
                     IY      = IY      + INCY
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               JY = JY + INCY
               KK = KK + N - J + 1
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSPR2 .
*
      END
      subroutine  dswap (n,dx,incx,dy,incy)
c
c     interchanges two vectors.
c     uses unrolled loops for increments equal one.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dy(*),dtemp
      integer i,incx,incy,ix,iy,m,mp1,n
c
      if(n.le.0)return
      if(incx.eq.1.and.incy.eq.1)go to 20
c
c       code for unequal increments or equal increments not equal
c         to 1
c
      ix = 1
      iy = 1
      if(incx.lt.0)ix = (-n+1)*incx + 1
      if(incy.lt.0)iy = (-n+1)*incy + 1
      do 10 i = 1,n
        dtemp = dx(ix)
        dx(ix) = dy(iy)
        dy(iy) = dtemp
        ix = ix + incx
        iy = iy + incy
   10 continue
      return
c
c       code for both increments equal to 1
c
c
c       clean-up loop
c
   20 m = mod(n,3)
      if( m .eq. 0 ) go to 40
      do 30 i = 1,m
        dtemp = dx(i)
        dx(i) = dy(i)
        dy(i) = dtemp
   30 continue
      if( n .lt. 3 ) return
   40 mp1 = m + 1
      do 50 i = mp1,n,3
        dtemp = dx(i)
        dx(i) = dy(i)
        dy(i) = dtemp
        dtemp = dx(i + 1)
        dx(i + 1) = dy(i + 1)
        dy(i + 1) = dtemp
        dtemp = dx(i + 2)
        dx(i + 2) = dy(i + 2)
        dy(i + 2) = dtemp
   50 continue
      return
      end
      SUBROUTINE DSYMM ( SIDE, UPLO, M, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, B, LDB,
     $                   BETA, C, LDC )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        SIDE, UPLO
      INTEGER            M, N, LDA, LDB, LDC
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), C( LDC, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYMM  performs one of the matrix-matrix operations
*
*     C := alpha*A*B + beta*C,
*
*  or
*
*     C := alpha*B*A + beta*C,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars,  A is a symmetric matrix and  B and
*  C are  m by n matrices.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  SIDE   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry,  SIDE  specifies whether  the  symmetric matrix  A
*           appears on the  left or right  in the  operation as follows:
*
*              SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   C := alpha*A*B + beta*C,
*
*              SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   C := alpha*B*A + beta*C,
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On  entry,   UPLO  specifies  whether  the  upper  or  lower
*           triangular  part  of  the  symmetric  matrix   A  is  to  be
*           referenced as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the upper triangular part of the
*                                  symmetric matrix is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the lower triangular part of the
*                                  symmetric matrix is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  M  specifies the number of rows of the matrix  C.
*           M  must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of the matrix C.
*           N  must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, ka ), where ka is
*           m  when  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  and is  n otherwise.
*           Before entry  with  SIDE = 'L' or 'l',  the  m by m  part of
*           the array  A  must contain the  symmetric matrix,  such that
*           when  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading m by m upper triangular
*           part of the array  A  must contain the upper triangular part
*           of the  symmetric matrix and the  strictly  lower triangular
*           part of  A  is not referenced,  and when  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',
*           the leading  m by m  lower triangular part  of the  array  A
*           must  contain  the  lower triangular part  of the  symmetric
*           matrix and the  strictly upper triangular part of  A  is not
*           referenced.
*           Before entry  with  SIDE = 'R' or 'r',  the  n by n  part of
*           the array  A  must contain the  symmetric matrix,  such that
*           when  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n upper triangular
*           part of the array  A  must contain the upper triangular part
*           of the  symmetric matrix and the  strictly  lower triangular
*           part of  A  is not referenced,  and when  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',
*           the leading  n by n  lower triangular part  of the  array  A
*           must  contain  the  lower triangular part  of the  symmetric
*           matrix and the  strictly upper triangular part of  A  is not
*           referenced.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
*           LDA must be at least  max( 1, m ), otherwise  LDA must be at
*           least  max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  B      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDB, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading  m by n part of the array  B  must
*           contain the matrix B.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDB    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry,  BETA  specifies the scalar  beta.  When  BETA  is
*           supplied as zero then C need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  C      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDC, n ).
*           Before entry, the leading  m by n  part of the array  C must
*           contain the matrix  C,  except when  beta  is zero, in which
*           case C need not be set on entry.
*           On exit, the array  C  is overwritten by the  m by n updated
*           matrix.
*
*  LDC    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDC specifies the first dimension of C as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDC  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            UPPER
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, K, NROWA
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Set NROWA as the number of rows of A.
*
      IF( LSAME( SIDE, 'L' ) )THEN
         NROWA = M
      ELSE
         NROWA = N
      END IF
      UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' )
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.LSAME( SIDE, 'L' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( SIDE, 'R' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.UPPER              ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( M  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, M     ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      ELSE IF( LDC.LT.MAX( 1, M     ) )THEN
         INFO = 12
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYMM ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( M.EQ.0 ).OR.( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And when  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               DO 10, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               DO 30, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   30          CONTINUE
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( LSAME( SIDE, 'L' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  C := alpha*A*B + beta*C.
*
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            DO 70, J = 1, N
               DO 60, I = 1, M
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*B( I, J )
                  TEMP2 = ZERO
                  DO 50, K = 1, I - 1
                     C( K, J ) = C( K, J ) + TEMP1    *A( K, I )
                     TEMP2     = TEMP2     + B( K, J )*A( K, I )
   50             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = TEMP1*A( I, I ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = BETA *C( I, J ) +
     $                           TEMP1*A( I, I ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  END IF
   60          CONTINUE
   70       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               DO 90, I = M, 1, -1
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*B( I, J )
                  TEMP2 = ZERO
                  DO 80, K = I + 1, M
                     C( K, J ) = C( K, J ) + TEMP1    *A( K, I )
                     TEMP2     = TEMP2     + B( K, J )*A( K, I )
   80             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = TEMP1*A( I, I ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = BETA *C( I, J ) +
     $                           TEMP1*A( I, I ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  END IF
   90          CONTINUE
  100       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  C := alpha*B*A + beta*C.
*
         DO 170, J = 1, N
            TEMP1 = ALPHA*A( J, J )
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 110, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = TEMP1*B( I, J )
  110          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 120, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J ) + TEMP1*B( I, J )
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
            DO 140, K = 1, J - 1
               IF( UPPER )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*A( K, J )
               ELSE
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*A( J, K )
               END IF
               DO 130, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP1*B( I, K )
  130          CONTINUE
  140       CONTINUE
            DO 160, K = J + 1, N
               IF( UPPER )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*A( J, K )
               ELSE
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*A( K, J )
               END IF
               DO 150, I = 1, M
                  C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP1*B( I, K )
  150          CONTINUE
  160       CONTINUE
  170    CONTINUE
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYMM .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSYMV ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX,
     $                   BETA, Y, INCY )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYMV  performs the matrix-vector  operation
*
*     y := alpha*A*x + beta*y,
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are n element vectors and
*  A is an n by n symmetric matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the upper triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the lower triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           lower triangular part of A is not referenced.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           upper triangular part of A is not referenced.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is
*           supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n
*           element vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the updated
*           vector y.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, KX, KY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 10
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set up the start points in  X  and  Y.
*
      IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
         KX = 1
      ELSE
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      END IF
      IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
         KY = 1
      ELSE
         KY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through the triangular part
*     of A.
*
*     First form  y := beta*y.
*
      IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
         IF( INCY.EQ.1 )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 10, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = ZERO
   10          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 20, I = 1, N
                  Y( I ) = BETA*Y( I )
   20          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IY = KY
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 30, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = ZERO
                  IY      = IY   + INCY
   30          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, I = 1, N
                  Y( IY ) = BETA*Y( IY )
                  IY      = IY           + INCY
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )
     $   RETURN
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  y  when A is stored in upper triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               DO 50, I = 1, J - 1
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*A( I, J )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + A( I, J )*X( I )
   50          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + TEMP1*A( J, J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               TEMP1 = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2 = ZERO
               IX    = KX
               IY    = KY
               DO 70, I = 1, J - 1
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*A( I, J )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + A( I, J )*X( IX )
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
   70          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + TEMP1*A( J, J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  y  when A is stored in lower triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 100, J = 1, N
               TEMP1  = ALPHA*X( J )
               TEMP2  = ZERO
               Y( J ) = Y( J )       + TEMP1*A( J, J )
               DO 90, I = J + 1, N
                  Y( I ) = Y( I ) + TEMP1*A( I, J )
                  TEMP2  = TEMP2  + A( I, J )*X( I )
   90          CONTINUE
               Y( J ) = Y( J ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
  100       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            JY = KY
            DO 120, J = 1, N
               TEMP1   = ALPHA*X( JX )
               TEMP2   = ZERO
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY )       + TEMP1*A( J, J )
               IX      = JX
               IY      = JY
               DO 110, I = J + 1, N
                  IX      = IX      + INCX
                  IY      = IY      + INCY
                  Y( IY ) = Y( IY ) + TEMP1*A( I, J )
                  TEMP2   = TEMP2   + A( I, J )*X( IX )
  110          CONTINUE
               Y( JY ) = Y( JY ) + ALPHA*TEMP2
               JX      = JX      + INCX
               JY      = JY      + INCY
  120       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSYR  ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, A, LDA )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
      INTEGER            INCX, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYR   performs the symmetric rank 1 operation
*
*     A := alpha*x*x' + A,
*
*  where alpha is a real scalar, x is an n element vector and A is an
*  n by n symmetric matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the upper triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the lower triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           lower triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
*           upper triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
*           upper triangular part of the updated matrix.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
*           lower triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
*           lower triangular part of the updated matrix.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KX
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYR  ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set the start point in X if the increment is not unity.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through the triangular part
*     of A.
*
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  A  when A is stored in upper triangle.
*
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( J )
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP
   10             CONTINUE
               END IF
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 30, I = 1, J
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP
                     IX        = IX        + INCX
   30             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  A  when A is stored in lower triangle.
*
         IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( J )
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            JX = KX
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                  TEMP = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  DO 70, I = J, N
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP
                     IX        = IX        + INCX
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYR  .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSYR2 ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, Y, INCY, A, LDA )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
      INTEGER            INCX, INCY, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * ), Y( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYR2  performs the symmetric rank 2 operation
*
*     A := alpha*x*y' + alpha*y*x' + A,
*
*  where alpha is a scalar, x and y are n element vectors and A is an n
*  by n symmetric matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
*           triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the upper triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the lower triangular part of A
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  Y      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array Y must contain the n
*           element vector y.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  INCY   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
*           Y. INCY must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           lower triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
*           upper triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
*           upper triangular part of the updated matrix.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
*           triangular part of the symmetric matrix and the strictly
*           upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
*           lower triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
*           lower triangular part of the updated matrix.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, IY, J, JX, JY, KX, KY
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( INCY.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYR2 ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Set up the start points in X and Y if the increments are not both
*     unity.
*
      IF( ( INCX.NE.1 ).OR.( INCY.NE.1 ) )THEN
         IF( INCX.GT.0 )THEN
            KX = 1
         ELSE
            KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
         END IF
         IF( INCY.GT.0 )THEN
            KY = 1
         ELSE
            KY = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCY
         END IF
         JX = KX
         JY = KY
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through the triangular part
*     of A.
*
      IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  A  when A is stored in the upper triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 20, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( J ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( J ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( J )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( J )
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP1 + Y( I )*TEMP2
   10             CONTINUE
               END IF
   20       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 40, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( JX ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( JY )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX    = KX
                  IY    = KY
                  DO 30, I = 1, J
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP1
     $                                     + Y( IY )*TEMP2
                     IX        = IX        + INCX
                     IY        = IY        + INCY
   30             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               JY = JY + INCY
   40       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  A  when A is stored in the lower triangle.
*
         IF( ( INCX.EQ.1 ).AND.( INCY.EQ.1 ) )THEN
            DO 60, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( J ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( J ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( J )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( J )
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP1 + Y( I )*TEMP2
   50             CONTINUE
               END IF
   60       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 80, J = 1, N
               IF( ( X( JX ).NE.ZERO ).OR.( Y( JY ).NE.ZERO ) )THEN
                  TEMP1 = ALPHA*Y( JY )
                  TEMP2 = ALPHA*X( JX )
                  IX    = JX
                  IY    = JY
                  DO 70, I = J, N
                     A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP1
     $                                     + Y( IY )*TEMP2
                     IX        = IX        + INCX
                     IY        = IY        + INCY
   70             CONTINUE
               END IF
               JX = JX + INCX
               JY = JY + INCY
   80       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYR2 .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSYR2K( UPLO, TRANS, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA, B, LDB,
     $                   BETA, C, LDC )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO, TRANS
      INTEGER            N, K, LDA, LDB, LDC
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), C( LDC, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYR2K  performs one of the symmetric rank 2k operations
*
*     C := alpha*A*B' + alpha*B*A' + beta*C,
*
*  or
*
*     C := alpha*A'*B + alpha*B'*A + beta*C,
*
*  where  alpha and beta  are scalars, C is an  n by n  symmetric matrix
*  and  A and B  are  n by k  matrices  in the  first  case  and  k by n
*  matrices in the second case.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On  entry,   UPLO  specifies  whether  the  upper  or  lower
*           triangular  part  of the  array  C  is to be  referenced  as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the  upper triangular part of  C
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the  lower triangular part of  C
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry,  TRANS  specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   C := alpha*A*B' + alpha*B*A' +
*                                        beta*C.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   C := alpha*A'*B + alpha*B'*A +
*                                        beta*C.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   C := alpha*A'*B + alpha*B'*A +
*                                        beta*C.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  N specifies the order of the matrix C.  N must be
*           at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry with  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  K  specifies  the number
*           of  columns  of the  matrices  A and B,  and on  entry  with
*           TRANS = 'T' or 't' or 'C' or 'c',  K  specifies  the  number
*           of rows of the matrices  A and B.  K must be at least  zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, ka ), where ka is
*           k  when  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  and is  n  otherwise.
*           Before entry with  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  the  leading  n by k
*           part of the array  A  must contain the matrix  A,  otherwise
*           the leading  k by n  part of the array  A  must contain  the
*           matrix A.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   When  TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           then  LDA must be at least  max( 1, n ), otherwise  LDA must
*           be at least  max( 1, k ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  B      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDB, kb ), where kb is
*           k  when  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  and is  n  otherwise.
*           Before entry with  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  the  leading  n by k
*           part of the array  B  must contain the matrix  B,  otherwise
*           the leading  k by n  part of the array  B  must contain  the
*           matrix B.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDB    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   When  TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           then  LDB must be at least  max( 1, n ), otherwise  LDB must
*           be at least  max( 1, k ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  C      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDC, n ).
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the leading  n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array C must contain the upper
*           triangular part  of the  symmetric matrix  and the strictly
*           lower triangular part of C is not referenced.  On exit, the
*           upper triangular part of the array  C is overwritten by the
*           upper triangular part of the updated matrix.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the leading  n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array C must contain the lower
*           triangular part  of the  symmetric matrix  and the strictly
*           upper triangular part of C is not referenced.  On exit, the
*           lower triangular part of the array  C is overwritten by the
*           lower triangular part of the updated matrix.
*
*  LDC    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDC specifies the first dimension of C as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDC  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            UPPER
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, L, NROWA
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP1, TEMP2
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
         NROWA = N
      ELSE
         NROWA = K
      END IF
      UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' )
*
      INFO = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.UPPER               ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( K  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      ELSE IF( LDC.LT.MAX( 1, N     ) )THEN
         INFO = 12
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYR2K', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).OR.( K.EQ.0 ) ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And when  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 20, J = 1, N
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   10             CONTINUE
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, J = 1, N
                  DO 30, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   30             CONTINUE
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   50             CONTINUE
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  DO 70, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   70             CONTINUE
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  C := alpha*A*B' + alpha*B*A' + C.
*
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            DO 130, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 90, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   90             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 100, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
  100             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 120, L = 1, K
                  IF( ( A( J, L ).NE.ZERO ).OR.
     $                ( B( J, L ).NE.ZERO )     )THEN
                     TEMP1 = ALPHA*B( J, L )
                     TEMP2 = ALPHA*A( J, L )
                     DO 110, I = 1, J
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) +
     $                              A( I, L )*TEMP1 + B( I, L )*TEMP2
  110                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  120          CONTINUE
  130       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 180, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 140, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
  140             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 150, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
  150             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 170, L = 1, K
                  IF( ( A( J, L ).NE.ZERO ).OR.
     $                ( B( J, L ).NE.ZERO )     )THEN
                     TEMP1 = ALPHA*B( J, L )
                     TEMP2 = ALPHA*A( J, L )
                     DO 160, I = J, N
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) +
     $                              A( I, L )*TEMP1 + B( I, L )*TEMP2
  160                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  170          CONTINUE
  180       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  C := alpha*A'*B + alpha*B'*A + C.
*
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            DO 210, J = 1, N
               DO 200, I = 1, J
                  TEMP1 = ZERO
                  TEMP2 = ZERO
                  DO 190, L = 1, K
                     TEMP1 = TEMP1 + A( L, I )*B( L, J )
                     TEMP2 = TEMP2 + B( L, I )*A( L, J )
  190             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP1 + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = BETA *C( I, J ) +
     $                           ALPHA*TEMP1 + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  END IF
  200          CONTINUE
  210       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 240, J = 1, N
               DO 230, I = J, N
                  TEMP1 = ZERO
                  TEMP2 = ZERO
                  DO 220, L = 1, K
                     TEMP1 = TEMP1 + A( L, I )*B( L, J )
                     TEMP2 = TEMP2 + B( L, I )*A( L, J )
  220             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP1 + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = BETA *C( I, J ) +
     $                           ALPHA*TEMP1 + ALPHA*TEMP2
                  END IF
  230          CONTINUE
  240       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYR2K.
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DSYRK ( UPLO, TRANS, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA,
     $                   BETA, C, LDC )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        UPLO, TRANS
      INTEGER            N, K, LDA, LDC
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA, BETA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), C( LDC, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DSYRK  performs one of the symmetric rank k operations
*
*     C := alpha*A*A' + beta*C,
*
*  or
*
*     C := alpha*A'*A + beta*C,
*
*  where  alpha and beta  are scalars, C is an  n by n  symmetric matrix
*  and  A  is an  n by k  matrix in the first case and a  k by n  matrix
*  in the second case.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On  entry,   UPLO  specifies  whether  the  upper  or  lower
*           triangular  part  of the  array  C  is to be  referenced  as
*           follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   Only the  upper triangular part of  C
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   Only the  lower triangular part of  C
*                                  is to be referenced.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry,  TRANS  specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   C := alpha*A*A' + beta*C.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   C := alpha*A'*A + beta*C.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   C := alpha*A'*A + beta*C.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry,  N specifies the order of the matrix C.  N must be
*           at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry with  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  K  specifies  the number
*           of  columns   of  the   matrix   A,   and  on   entry   with
*           TRANS = 'T' or 't' or 'C' or 'c',  K  specifies  the  number
*           of rows of the matrix  A.  K must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, ka ), where ka is
*           k  when  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  and is  n  otherwise.
*           Before entry with  TRANS = 'N' or 'n',  the  leading  n by k
*           part of the array  A  must contain the matrix  A,  otherwise
*           the leading  k by n  part of the array  A  must contain  the
*           matrix A.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   When  TRANS = 'N' or 'n'
*           then  LDA must be at least  max( 1, n ), otherwise  LDA must
*           be at least  max( 1, k ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  BETA   - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  C      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDC, n ).
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the leading  n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array C must contain the upper
*           triangular part  of the  symmetric matrix  and the strictly
*           lower triangular part of C is not referenced.  On exit, the
*           upper triangular part of the array  C is overwritten by the
*           upper triangular part of the updated matrix.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the leading  n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array C must contain the lower
*           triangular part  of the  symmetric matrix  and the strictly
*           upper triangular part of C is not referenced.  On exit, the
*           lower triangular part of the array  C is overwritten by the
*           lower triangular part of the updated matrix.
*
*  LDC    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDC specifies the first dimension of C as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDC  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            UPPER
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, L, NROWA
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE ,         ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
         NROWA = N
      ELSE
         NROWA = K
      END IF
      UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' )
*
      INFO = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.UPPER               ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( K  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( LDC.LT.MAX( 1, N     ) )THEN
         INFO = 10
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DSYRK ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.
     $    ( ( ( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO ).OR.( K.EQ.0 ) ).AND.( BETA.EQ.ONE ) ) )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And when  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 20, J = 1, N
                  DO 10, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   10             CONTINUE
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 40, J = 1, N
                  DO 30, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   30             CONTINUE
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  DO 50, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   50             CONTINUE
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  DO 70, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
   70             CONTINUE
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  C := alpha*A*A' + beta*C.
*
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            DO 130, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 90, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
   90             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 100, I = 1, J
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
  100             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 120, L = 1, K
                  IF( A( J, L ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = ALPHA*A( J, L )
                     DO 110, I = 1, J
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, L )
  110                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  120          CONTINUE
  130       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 180, J = 1, N
               IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                  DO 140, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = ZERO
  140             CONTINUE
               ELSE IF( BETA.NE.ONE )THEN
                  DO 150, I = J, N
                     C( I, J ) = BETA*C( I, J )
  150             CONTINUE
               END IF
               DO 170, L = 1, K
                  IF( A( J, L ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP      = ALPHA*A( J, L )
                     DO 160, I = J, N
                        C( I, J ) = C( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, L )
  160                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  170          CONTINUE
  180       CONTINUE
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  C := alpha*A'*A + beta*C.
*
         IF( UPPER )THEN
            DO 210, J = 1, N
               DO 200, I = 1, J
                  TEMP = ZERO
                  DO 190, L = 1, K
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L, I )*A( L, J )
  190             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP + BETA*C( I, J )
                  END IF
  200          CONTINUE
  210       CONTINUE
         ELSE
            DO 240, J = 1, N
               DO 230, I = J, N
                  TEMP = ZERO
                  DO 220, L = 1, K
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L, I )*A( L, J )
  220             CONTINUE
                  IF( BETA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
                  ELSE
                     C( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP + BETA*C( I, J )
                  END IF
  230          CONTINUE
  240       CONTINUE
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DSYRK .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTBMV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, K, A, LDA, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, K, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTBMV  performs one of the matrix-vector operations
*
*     x := A*x,   or   x := A'*x,
*
*  where x is an n element vector and  A is an n by n unit, or non-unit,
*  upper or lower triangular band matrix, with ( k + 1 ) diagonals.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   x := A*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   x := A'*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   x := A'*x.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', K specifies the number of
*           super-diagonals of the matrix A.
*           On entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', K specifies the number of
*           sub-diagonals of the matrix A.
*           K must satisfy  0 .le. K.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the upper triangular
*           band part of the matrix of coefficients, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row
*           ( k + 1 ) of the array, the first super-diagonal starting at
*           position 2 in row k, and so on. The top left k by k triangle
*           of the array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer an upper
*           triangular band matrix from conventional full matrix storage
*           to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = K + 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the lower triangular
*           band part of the matrix of coefficients, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row 1 of
*           the array, the first sub-diagonal starting at position 1 in
*           row 2, and so on. The bottom right k by k triangle of the
*           array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer a lower
*           triangular band matrix from conventional full matrix storage
*           to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = J, MIN( N, J + K )
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Note that when DIAG = 'U' or 'u' the elements of the array A
*           corresponding to the diagonal elements of the matrix are not
*           referenced, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           ( k + 1 ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x. On exit, X is overwritten with the
*           tranformed vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KPLUS1, KX, L
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX, MIN
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( K.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.( K + 1 ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 9
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTBMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX   too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*         Form  x := A*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KPLUS1 = K + 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     L    = KPLUS1 - J
                     DO 10, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*A( L + I, J )
   10                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*A( KPLUS1, J )
                  END IF
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 40, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     L    = KPLUS1  - J
                     DO 30, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*A( L + I, J )
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
   30                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*A( KPLUS1, J )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
                  IF( J.GT.K )
     $               KX = KX + INCX
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     L    = 1      - J
                     DO 50, I = MIN( N, J + K ), J + 1, -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*A( L + I, J )
   50                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*A( 1, J )
                  END IF
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     L    = 1       - J
                     DO 70, I = MIN( N, J + K ), J + 1, -1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*A( L + I, J )
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
   70                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*A( 1, J )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
                  IF( ( N - J ).GE.K )
     $               KX = KX - INCX
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := A'*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KPLUS1 = K + 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  L    = KPLUS1 - J
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( KPLUS1, J )
                  DO 90, I = J - 1, MAX( 1, J - K ), -1
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L + I, J )*X( I )
   90             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 120, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  KX   = KX      - INCX
                  IX   = KX
                  L    = KPLUS1  - J
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( KPLUS1, J )
                  DO 110, I = J - 1, MAX( 1, J - K ), -1
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
  110             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  L    = 1      - J
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( 1, J )
                  DO 130, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L + I, J )*X( I )
  130             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  KX   = KX      + INCX
                  IX   = KX
                  L    = 1       - J
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( 1, J )
                  DO 150, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
  150             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTBMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTBSV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, K, A, LDA, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, K, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTBSV  solves one of the systems of equations
*
*     A*x = b,   or   A'*x = b,
*
*  where b and x are n element vectors and A is an n by n unit, or
*  non-unit, upper or lower triangular band matrix, with ( k + 1 )
*  diagonals.
*
*  No test for singularity or near-singularity is included in this
*  routine. Such tests must be performed before calling this routine.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the equations to be solved as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   A*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   A'*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   A'*x = b.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  K      - INTEGER.
*           On entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', K specifies the number of
*           super-diagonals of the matrix A.
*           On entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', K specifies the number of
*           sub-diagonals of the matrix A.
*           K must satisfy  0 .le. K.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the upper triangular
*           band part of the matrix of coefficients, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row
*           ( k + 1 ) of the array, the first super-diagonal starting at
*           position 2 in row k, and so on. The top left k by k triangle
*           of the array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer an upper
*           triangular band matrix from conventional full matrix storage
*           to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = K + 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading ( k + 1 )
*           by n part of the array A must contain the lower triangular
*           band part of the matrix of coefficients, supplied column by
*           column, with the leading diagonal of the matrix in row 1 of
*           the array, the first sub-diagonal starting at position 1 in
*           row 2, and so on. The bottom right k by k triangle of the
*           array A is not referenced.
*           The following program segment will transfer a lower
*           triangular band matrix from conventional full matrix storage
*           to band storage:
*
*                 DO 20, J = 1, N
*                    M = 1 - J
*                    DO 10, I = J, MIN( N, J + K )
*                       A( M + I, J ) = matrix( I, J )
*              10    CONTINUE
*              20 CONTINUE
*
*           Note that when DIAG = 'U' or 'u' the elements of the array A
*           corresponding to the diagonal elements of the matrix are not
*           referenced, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           ( k + 1 ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element right-hand side vector b. On exit, X is overwritten
*           with the solution vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KPLUS1, KX, L
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX, MIN
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( K.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.( K + 1 ) )THEN
         INFO = 7
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 9
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTBSV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX  too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed by sequentially with one pass through A.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  x := inv( A )*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KPLUS1 = K + 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     L = KPLUS1 - J
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/A( KPLUS1, J )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 10, I = J - 1, MAX( 1, J - K ), -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*A( L + I, J )
   10                CONTINUE
                  END IF
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 40, J = N, 1, -1
                  KX = KX - INCX
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IX = KX
                     L  = KPLUS1 - J
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/A( KPLUS1, J )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     DO 30, I = J - 1, MAX( 1, J - K ), -1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*A( L + I, J )
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
   30                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     L = 1 - J
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/A( 1, J )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 50, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*A( L + I, J )
   50                CONTINUE
                  END IF
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  KX = KX + INCX
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IX = KX
                     L  = 1  - J
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/A( 1, J )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     DO 70, I = J + 1, MIN( N, J + K )
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*A( L + I, J )
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
   70                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := inv( A')*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KPLUS1 = K + 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  L    = KPLUS1 - J
                  DO 90, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( L + I, J )*X( I )
   90             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( KPLUS1, J )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 120, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  L    = KPLUS1  - J
                  DO 110, I = MAX( 1, J - K ), J - 1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
  110             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( KPLUS1, J )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
                  IF( J.GT.K )
     $               KX = KX + INCX
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  L    = 1      - J
                  DO 130, I = MIN( N, J + K ), J + 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( L + I, J )*X( I )
  130             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( 1, J )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  L    = 1       - J
                  DO 150, I = MIN( N, J + K ), J + 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( L + I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
  150             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( 1, J )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
                  IF( ( N - J ).GE.K )
     $               KX = KX - INCX
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTBSV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTPMV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, AP, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   AP( * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTPMV  performs one of the matrix-vector operations
*
*     x := A*x,   or   x := A'*x,
*
*  where x is an n element vector and  A is an n by n unit, or non-unit,
*  upper or lower triangular matrix, supplied in packed form.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   x := A*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   x := A'*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   x := A'*x.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  AP     - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( ( n*( n + 1 ) )/2 ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the array AP must
*           contain the upper triangular matrix packed sequentially,
*           column by column, so that AP( 1 ) contains a( 1, 1 ),
*           AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 1, 2 ) and a( 2, 2 )
*           respectively, and so on.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the array AP must
*           contain the lower triangular matrix packed sequentially,
*           column by column, so that AP( 1 ) contains a( 1, 1 ),
*           AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 2, 1 ) and a( 3, 1 )
*           respectively, and so on.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u', the diagonal elements of
*           A are not referenced, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x. On exit, X is overwritten with the
*           tranformed vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, K, KK, KX
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTPMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX  too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of AP are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through AP.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  x:= A*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KK =1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     K    = KK
                     DO 10, I = 1, J - 1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*AP( K )
                        K      = K      + 1
   10                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*AP( KK + J - 1 )
                  END IF
                  KK = KK + J
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 40, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     DO 30, K = KK, KK + J - 2
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*AP( K )
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
   30                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*AP( KK + J - 1 )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
                  KK = KK + J
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            KK = ( N*( N + 1 ) )/2
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     K    = KK
                     DO 50, I = N, J + 1, -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*AP( K )
                        K      = K      - 1
   50                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*AP( KK - N + J )
                  END IF
                  KK = KK - ( N - J + 1 )
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     DO 70, K = KK, KK - ( N - ( J + 1 ) ), -1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*AP( K )
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
   70                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*AP( KK - N + J )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
                  KK = KK - ( N - J + 1 )
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := A'*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KK = ( N*( N + 1 ) )/2
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*AP( KK )
                  K = KK - 1
                  DO 90, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP + AP( K )*X( I )
                     K    = K    - 1
   90             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
                  KK     = KK   - J
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               DO 120, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*AP( KK )
                  DO 110, K = KK - 1, KK - J + 1, -1
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
                     TEMP = TEMP + AP( K )*X( IX )
  110             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
                  KK      = KK   - J
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            KK = 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*AP( KK )
                  K = KK + 1
                  DO 130, I = J + 1, N
                     TEMP = TEMP + AP( K )*X( I )
                     K    = K    + 1
  130             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
                  KK     = KK   + ( N - J + 1 )
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*AP( KK )
                  DO 150, K = KK + 1, KK + N - J
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
                     TEMP = TEMP + AP( K )*X( IX )
  150             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
                  KK      = KK   + ( N - J + 1 )
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTPMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTPSV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, AP, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   AP( * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTPSV  solves one of the systems of equations
*
*     A*x = b,   or   A'*x = b,
*
*  where b and x are n element vectors and A is an n by n unit, or
*  non-unit, upper or lower triangular matrix, supplied in packed form.
*
*  No test for singularity or near-singularity is included in this
*  routine. Such tests must be performed before calling this routine.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the equations to be solved as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   A*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   A'*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   A'*x = b.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  AP     - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION at least
*           ( ( n*( n + 1 ) )/2 ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the array AP must
*           contain the upper triangular matrix packed sequentially,
*           column by column, so that AP( 1 ) contains a( 1, 1 ),
*           AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 1, 2 ) and a( 2, 2 )
*           respectively, and so on.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the array AP must
*           contain the lower triangular matrix packed sequentially,
*           column by column, so that AP( 1 ) contains a( 1, 1 ),
*           AP( 2 ) and AP( 3 ) contain a( 2, 1 ) and a( 3, 1 )
*           respectively, and so on.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u', the diagonal elements of
*           A are not referenced, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element right-hand side vector b. On exit, X is overwritten
*           with the solution vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, K, KK, KX
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 7
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTPSV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX  too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of AP are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through AP.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  x := inv( A )*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KK = ( N*( N + 1 ) )/2
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/AP( KK )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     K    = KK     - 1
                     DO 10, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*AP( K )
                        K      = K      - 1
   10                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  KK = KK - J
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               DO 40, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/AP( KK )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = JX
                     DO 30, K = KK - 1, KK - J + 1, -1
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*AP( K )
   30                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
                  KK = KK - J
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            KK = 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/AP( KK )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     K    = KK     + 1
                     DO 50, I = J + 1, N
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*AP( K )
                        K      = K      + 1
   50                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  KK = KK + ( N - J + 1 )
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/AP( KK )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = JX
                     DO 70, K = KK + 1, KK + N - J
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*AP( K )
   70                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
                  KK = KK + ( N - J + 1 )
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := inv( A' )*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            KK = 1
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  K    = KK
                  DO 90, I = 1, J - 1
                     TEMP = TEMP - AP( K )*X( I )
                     K    = K    + 1
   90             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/AP( KK + J - 1 )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
                  KK     = KK   + J
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 120, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 110, K = KK, KK + J - 2
                     TEMP = TEMP - AP( K )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
  110             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/AP( KK + J - 1 )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
                  KK      = KK   + J
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            KK = ( N*( N + 1 ) )/2
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  K = KK
                  DO 130, I = N, J + 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - AP( K )*X( I )
                     K    = K    - 1
  130             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/AP( KK - N + J )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
                  KK     = KK   - ( N - J + 1 )
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 150, K = KK, KK - ( N - ( J + 1 ) ), -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - AP( K )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
  150             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/AP( KK - N + J )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
                  KK      = KK   - (N - J + 1 )
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTPSV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTRMM ( SIDE, UPLO, TRANSA, DIAG, M, N, ALPHA, A, LDA,
     $                   B, LDB )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        SIDE, UPLO, TRANSA, DIAG
      INTEGER            M, N, LDA, LDB
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTRMM  performs one of the matrix-matrix operations
*
*     B := alpha*op( A )*B,   or   B := alpha*B*op( A ),
*
*  where  alpha  is a scalar,  B  is an m by n matrix,  A  is a unit, or
*  non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of
*
*     op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A'.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  SIDE   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry,  SIDE specifies whether  op( A ) multiplies B from
*           the left or right as follows:
*
*              SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   B := alpha*op( A )*B.
*
*              SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   B := alpha*B*op( A ).
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANSA - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
*           the matrix multiplication as follows:
*
*              TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.
*
*              TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A'.
*
*              TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A'.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
*           as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
*           least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
*           at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
*           zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
*           entry.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, k ), where k is m
*           when  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  and is  n  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
*           upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
*           triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
*           lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
*           triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
*           A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
*           LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
*           then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  B      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDB, n ).
*           Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
*           contain the matrix  B,  and  on exit  is overwritten  by the
*           transformed matrix.
*
*  LDB    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            LSIDE, NOUNIT, UPPER
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, K, NROWA
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      LSIDE  = LSAME( SIDE  , 'L' )
      IF( LSIDE )THEN
         NROWA = M
      ELSE
         NROWA = N
      END IF
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG  , 'N' )
      UPPER  = LSAME( UPLO  , 'U' )
*
      INFO   = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.LSIDE                ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( SIDE  , 'R' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.UPPER                ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO  , 'L' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'T' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'C' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG  , 'U' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG  , 'N' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( M  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, M     ) )THEN
         INFO = 11
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTRMM ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And when  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         DO 20, J = 1, N
            DO 10, I = 1, M
               B( I, J ) = ZERO
   10       CONTINUE
   20    CONTINUE
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( LSIDE )THEN
         IF( LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*           Form  B := alpha*A*B.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 50, J = 1, N
                  DO 40, K = 1, M
                     IF( B( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = ALPHA*B( K, J )
                        DO 30, I = 1, K - 1
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, K )
   30                   CONTINUE
                        IF( NOUNIT )
     $                     TEMP = TEMP*A( K, K )
                        B( K, J ) = TEMP
                     END IF
   40             CONTINUE
   50          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  DO 70 K = M, 1, -1
                     IF( B( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP      = ALPHA*B( K, J )
                        B( K, J ) = TEMP
                        IF( NOUNIT )
     $                     B( K, J ) = B( K, J )*A( K, K )
                        DO 60, I = K + 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*A( I, K )
   60                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
   70             CONTINUE
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
*
*           Form  B := alpha*A'*B.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 110, J = 1, N
                  DO 100, I = M, 1, -1
                     TEMP = B( I, J )
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  TEMP = TEMP*A( I, I )
                     DO 90, K = 1, I - 1
                        TEMP = TEMP + A( K, I )*B( K, J )
   90                CONTINUE
                     B( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
  100             CONTINUE
  110          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 140, J = 1, N
                  DO 130, I = 1, M
                     TEMP = B( I, J )
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  TEMP = TEMP*A( I, I )
                     DO 120, K = I + 1, M
                        TEMP = TEMP + A( K, I )*B( K, J )
  120                CONTINUE
                     B( I, J ) = ALPHA*TEMP
  130             CONTINUE
  140          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
         IF( LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*           Form  B := alpha*B*A.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 180, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = ALPHA
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 150, I = 1, M
                     B( I, J ) = TEMP*B( I, J )
  150             CONTINUE
                  DO 170, K = 1, J - 1
                     IF( A( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = ALPHA*A( K, J )
                        DO 160, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*B( I, K )
  160                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  170             CONTINUE
  180          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 220, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = ALPHA
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 190, I = 1, M
                     B( I, J ) = TEMP*B( I, J )
  190             CONTINUE
                  DO 210, K = J + 1, N
                     IF( A( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = ALPHA*A( K, J )
                        DO 200, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*B( I, K )
  200                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  210             CONTINUE
  220          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
*
*           Form  B := alpha*B*A'.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 260, K = 1, N
                  DO 240, J = 1, K - 1
                     IF( A( J, K ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = ALPHA*A( J, K )
                        DO 230, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*B( I, K )
  230                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  240             CONTINUE
                  TEMP = ALPHA
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( K, K )
                  IF( TEMP.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 250, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = TEMP*B( I, K )
  250                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  260          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 300, K = N, 1, -1
                  DO 280, J = K + 1, N
                     IF( A( J, K ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = ALPHA*A( J, K )
                        DO 270, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) + TEMP*B( I, K )
  270                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  280             CONTINUE
                  TEMP = ALPHA
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( K, K )
                  IF( TEMP.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 290, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = TEMP*B( I, K )
  290                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  300          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTRMM .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTRMV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, A, LDA, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTRMV  performs one of the matrix-vector operations
*
*     x := A*x,   or   x := A'*x,
*
*  where x is an n element vector and  A is an n by n unit, or non-unit,
*  upper or lower triangular matrix.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the operation to be performed as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   x := A*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   x := A'*x.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   x := A'*x.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
*           triangular matrix and the strictly lower triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
*           triangular matrix and the strictly upper triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u', the diagonal elements of
*           A are not referenced either, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element vector x. On exit, X is overwritten with the
*           tranformed vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KX
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 8
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTRMV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX  too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  x := A*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 10, I = 1, J - 1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
   10                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*A( J, J )
                  END IF
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 40, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     DO 30, I = 1, J - 1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
   30                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*A( J, J )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 50, I = N, J + 1, -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
   50                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )*A( J, J )
                  END IF
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = KX
                     DO 70, I = N, J + 1, -1
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) + TEMP*A( I, J )
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
   70                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )*A( J, J )
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := A'*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 90, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( I )
   90             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               DO 120, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 110, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( IX )
  110             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 130, I = J + 1, N
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( I )
  130             CONTINUE
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = JX
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP*A( J, J )
                  DO 150, I = J + 1, N
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
                     TEMP = TEMP + A( I, J )*X( IX )
  150             CONTINUE
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTRMV .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTRSM ( SIDE, UPLO, TRANSA, DIAG, M, N, ALPHA, A, LDA,
     $                   B, LDB )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER*1        SIDE, UPLO, TRANSA, DIAG
      INTEGER            M, N, LDA, LDB
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHA
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTRSM  solves one of the matrix equations
*
*     op( A )*X = alpha*B,   or   X*op( A ) = alpha*B,
*
*  where alpha is a scalar, X and B are m by n matrices, A is a unit, or
*  non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of
*
*     op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A'.
*
*  The matrix X is overwritten on B.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  SIDE   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, SIDE specifies whether op( A ) appears on the left
*           or right of X as follows:
*
*              SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   op( A )*X = alpha*B.
*
*              SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   X*op( A ) = alpha*B.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANSA - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
*           the matrix multiplication as follows:
*
*              TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.
*
*              TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A'.
*
*              TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A'.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
*           as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  M      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
*           least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
*           at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  ALPHA  - DOUBLE PRECISION.
*           On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
*           zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
*           entry.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, k ), where k is m
*           when  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  and is  n  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
*           upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
*           triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
*           lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
*           triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
*           A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
*           LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
*           then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  B      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDB, n ).
*           Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
*           contain  the  right-hand  side  matrix  B,  and  on exit  is
*           overwritten by the solution matrix  X.
*
*  LDB    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
*           in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
*           max( 1, m ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 3 Blas routine.
*
*
*  -- Written on 8-February-1989.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
*     Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*     Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
*
*
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      LOGICAL            LSIDE, NOUNIT, UPPER
      INTEGER            I, INFO, J, K, NROWA
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE         , ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      LSIDE  = LSAME( SIDE  , 'L' )
      IF( LSIDE )THEN
         NROWA = M
      ELSE
         NROWA = N
      END IF
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG  , 'N' )
      UPPER  = LSAME( UPLO  , 'U' )
*
      INFO   = 0
      IF(      ( .NOT.LSIDE                ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( SIDE  , 'R' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.UPPER                ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO  , 'L' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'T' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( TRANSA, 'C' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( ( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG  , 'U' ) ).AND.
     $         ( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG  , 'N' ) )      )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( M  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 5
      ELSE IF( N  .LT.0               )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, NROWA ) )THEN
         INFO = 9
      ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, M     ) )THEN
         INFO = 11
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTRSM ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
*     And when  alpha.eq.zero.
*
      IF( ALPHA.EQ.ZERO )THEN
         DO 20, J = 1, N
            DO 10, I = 1, M
               B( I, J ) = ZERO
   10       CONTINUE
   20    CONTINUE
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations.
*
      IF( LSIDE )THEN
         IF( LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*           Form  B := alpha*inv( A )*B.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 30, I = 1, M
                        B( I, J ) = ALPHA*B( I, J )
   30                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 50, K = M, 1, -1
                     IF( B( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        IF( NOUNIT )
     $                     B( K, J ) = B( K, J )/A( K, K )
                        DO 40, I = 1, K - 1
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - B( K, J )*A( I, K )
   40                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
   50             CONTINUE
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 100, J = 1, N
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 70, I = 1, M
                        B( I, J ) = ALPHA*B( I, J )
   70                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 90 K = 1, M
                     IF( B( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        IF( NOUNIT )
     $                     B( K, J ) = B( K, J )/A( K, K )
                        DO 80, I = K + 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - B( K, J )*A( I, K )
   80                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
   90             CONTINUE
  100          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
*
*           Form  B := alpha*inv( A' )*B.
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 130, J = 1, N
                  DO 120, I = 1, M
                     TEMP = ALPHA*B( I, J )
                     DO 110, K = 1, I - 1
                        TEMP = TEMP - A( K, I )*B( K, J )
  110                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  TEMP = TEMP/A( I, I )
                     B( I, J ) = TEMP
  120             CONTINUE
  130          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 160, J = 1, N
                  DO 150, I = M, 1, -1
                     TEMP = ALPHA*B( I, J )
                     DO 140, K = I + 1, M
                        TEMP = TEMP - A( K, I )*B( K, J )
  140                CONTINUE
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  TEMP = TEMP/A( I, I )
                     B( I, J ) = TEMP
  150             CONTINUE
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
         IF( LSAME( TRANSA, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*           Form  B := alpha*B*inv( A ).
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 210, J = 1, N
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 170, I = 1, M
                        B( I, J ) = ALPHA*B( I, J )
  170                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 190, K = 1, J - 1
                     IF( A( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        DO 180, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - A( K, J )*B( I, K )
  180                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  190             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )THEN
                     TEMP = ONE/A( J, J )
                     DO 200, I = 1, M
                        B( I, J ) = TEMP*B( I, J )
  200                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  210          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 260, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 220, I = 1, M
                        B( I, J ) = ALPHA*B( I, J )
  220                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 240, K = J + 1, N
                     IF( A( K, J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        DO 230, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - A( K, J )*B( I, K )
  230                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  240             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )THEN
                     TEMP = ONE/A( J, J )
                     DO 250, I = 1, M
                       B( I, J ) = TEMP*B( I, J )
  250                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  260          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
*
*           Form  B := alpha*B*inv( A' ).
*
            IF( UPPER )THEN
               DO 310, K = N, 1, -1
                  IF( NOUNIT )THEN
                     TEMP = ONE/A( K, K )
                     DO 270, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = TEMP*B( I, K )
  270                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 290, J = 1, K - 1
                     IF( A( J, K ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = A( J, K )
                        DO 280, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - TEMP*B( I, K )
  280                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  290             CONTINUE
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 300, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = ALPHA*B( I, K )
  300                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  310          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               DO 360, K = 1, N
                  IF( NOUNIT )THEN
                     TEMP = ONE/A( K, K )
                     DO 320, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = TEMP*B( I, K )
  320                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  DO 340, J = K + 1, N
                     IF( A( J, K ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                        TEMP = A( J, K )
                        DO 330, I = 1, M
                           B( I, J ) = B( I, J ) - TEMP*B( I, K )
  330                   CONTINUE
                     END IF
  340             CONTINUE
                  IF( ALPHA.NE.ONE )THEN
                     DO 350, I = 1, M
                        B( I, K ) = ALPHA*B( I, K )
  350                CONTINUE
                  END IF
  360          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTRSM .
*
      END
      SUBROUTINE DTRSV ( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, A, LDA, X, INCX )
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      INTEGER            INCX, LDA, N
      CHARACTER*1        DIAG, TRANS, UPLO
*     .. Array Arguments ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   A( LDA, * ), X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  DTRSV  solves one of the systems of equations
*
*     A*x = b,   or   A'*x = b,
*
*  where b and x are n element vectors and A is an n by n unit, or
*  non-unit, upper or lower triangular matrix.
*
*  No test for singularity or near-singularity is included in this
*  routine. Such tests must be performed before calling this routine.
*
*  Parameters
*  ==========
*
*  UPLO   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix is an upper or
*           lower triangular matrix as follows:
*
*              UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.
*
*              UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  TRANS  - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, TRANS specifies the equations to be solved as
*           follows:
*
*              TRANS = 'N' or 'n'   A*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'T' or 't'   A'*x = b.
*
*              TRANS = 'C' or 'c'   A'*x = b.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  DIAG   - CHARACTER*1.
*           On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit
*           triangular as follows:
*
*              DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.
*
*              DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
*                                  triangular.
*
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  N      - INTEGER.
*           On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
*           N must be at least zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  A      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
*           Before entry with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
*           upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
*           triangular matrix and the strictly lower triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
*           lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
*           triangular matrix and the strictly upper triangular part of
*           A is not referenced.
*           Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u', the diagonal elements of
*           A are not referenced either, but are assumed to be unity.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  LDA    - INTEGER.
*           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
*           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
*           max( 1, n ).
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*  X      - DOUBLE PRECISION array of dimension at least
*           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
*           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
*           element right-hand side vector b. On exit, X is overwritten
*           with the solution vector x.
*
*  INCX   - INTEGER.
*           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
*           X. INCX must not be zero.
*           Unchanged on exit.
*
*
*  Level 2 Blas routine.
*
*  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
*     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
*     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
*     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
*     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
*     .. Parameters ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   ZERO
      PARAMETER        ( ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      DOUBLE PRECISION   TEMP
      INTEGER            I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KX
      LOGICAL            NOUNIT
*     .. External Functions ..
      LOGICAL            LSAME
      EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     .. External Subroutines ..
      EXTERNAL           XERBLA
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
      INFO = 0
      IF     ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( UPLO , 'L' )      )THEN
         INFO = 1
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'T' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( TRANS, 'C' )      )THEN
         INFO = 2
      ELSE IF( .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'U' ).AND.
     $         .NOT.LSAME( DIAG , 'N' )      )THEN
         INFO = 3
      ELSE IF( N.LT.0 )THEN
         INFO = 4
      ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) )THEN
         INFO = 6
      ELSE IF( INCX.EQ.0 )THEN
         INFO = 8
      END IF
      IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
         CALL XERBLA( 'DTRSV ', INFO )
         RETURN
      END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible.
*
      IF( N.EQ.0 )
     $   RETURN
*
      NOUNIT = LSAME( DIAG, 'N' )
*
*     Set up the start point in X if the increment is not unity. This
*     will be  ( N - 1 )*INCX  too small for descending loops.
*
      IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
         KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
      ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
         KX = 1
      END IF
*
*     Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
*     accessed sequentially with one pass through A.
*
      IF( LSAME( TRANS, 'N' ) )THEN
*
*        Form  x := inv( A )*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 20, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/A( J, J )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 10, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*A( I, J )
   10                CONTINUE
                  END IF
   20          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               DO 40, J = N, 1, -1
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/A( J, J )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = JX
                     DO 30, I = J - 1, 1, -1
                        IX      = IX      - INCX
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*A( I, J )
   30                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX - INCX
   40          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 60, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( J ) = X( J )/A( J, J )
                     TEMP = X( J )
                     DO 50, I = J + 1, N
                        X( I ) = X( I ) - TEMP*A( I, J )
   50                CONTINUE
                  END IF
   60          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 80, J = 1, N
                  IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
                     IF( NOUNIT )
     $                  X( JX ) = X( JX )/A( J, J )
                     TEMP = X( JX )
                     IX   = JX
                     DO 70, I = J + 1, N
                        IX      = IX      + INCX
                        X( IX ) = X( IX ) - TEMP*A( I, J )
   70                CONTINUE
                  END IF
                  JX = JX + INCX
   80          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      ELSE
*
*        Form  x := inv( A' )*x.
*
         IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 100, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  DO 90, I = 1, J - 1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( I, J )*X( I )
   90             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( J, J )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  100          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               JX = KX
               DO 120, J = 1, N
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 110, I = 1, J - 1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   + INCX
  110             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( J, J )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   + INCX
  120          CONTINUE
            END IF
         ELSE
            IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
               DO 140, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( J )
                  DO 130, I = N, J + 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( I, J )*X( I )
  130             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( J, J )
                  X( J ) = TEMP
  140          CONTINUE
            ELSE
               KX = KX + ( N - 1 )*INCX
               JX = KX
               DO 160, J = N, 1, -1
                  TEMP = X( JX )
                  IX   = KX
                  DO 150, I = N, J + 1, -1
                     TEMP = TEMP - A( I, J )*X( IX )
                     IX   = IX   - INCX
  150             CONTINUE
                  IF( NOUNIT )
     $               TEMP = TEMP/A( J, J )
                  X( JX ) = TEMP
                  JX      = JX   - INCX
  160          CONTINUE
            END IF
         END IF
      END IF
*
      RETURN
*
*     End of DTRSV .
*
      END
      integer function idamax(n,dx,incx)
c
c     finds the index of element having max. absolute value.
c     jack dongarra, linpack, 3/11/78.
c     modified 3/93 to return if incx .le. 0.
c     modified 12/3/93, array(1) declarations changed to array(*)
c
      double precision dx(*),dmax
      integer i,incx,ix,n
c
      idamax = 0
      if( n.lt.1 .or. incx.le.0 ) return
      idamax = 1
      if(n.eq.1)return
      if(incx.eq.1)go to 20
c
c        code for increment not equal to 1
c
      ix = 1
      dmax = dabs(dx(1))
      ix = ix + incx
      do 10 i = 2,n
         if(dabs(dx(ix)).le.dmax) go to 5
         idamax = i
         dmax = dabs(dx(ix))
    5    ix = ix + incx
   10 continue
      return
c
c        code for increment equal to 1
c
   20 dmax = dabs(dx(1))
      do 30 i = 2,n
         if(dabs(dx(i)).le.dmax) go to 30
         idamax = i
         dmax = dabs(dx(i))
   30 continue
      return
      end
      LOGICAL          FUNCTION LSAME( CA, CB )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 2.0) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley, NAG Ltd.,
*     Courant Institute, Argonne National Lab, and Rice University
*     January 31, 1994
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
      CHARACTER          CA, CB
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  LSAME returns .TRUE. if CA is the same letter as CB regardless of
*  case.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  CA      (input) CHARACTER*1
*  CB      (input) CHARACTER*1
*          CA and CB specify the single characters to be compared.
*
* =====================================================================
*
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
      INTRINSIC          ICHAR
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
      INTEGER            INTA, INTB, ZCODE
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test if the characters are equal
*
      LSAME = CA.EQ.CB
      IF( LSAME )
     $   RETURN
*
*     Now test for equivalence if both characters are alphabetic.
*
      ZCODE = ICHAR( 'Z' )
*
*     Use 'Z' rather than 'A' so that ASCII can be detected on Prime
*     machines, on which ICHAR returns a value with bit 8 set.
*     ICHAR('A') on Prime machines returns 193 which is the same as
*     ICHAR('A') on an EBCDIC machine.
*
      INTA = ICHAR( CA )
      INTB = ICHAR( CB )
*
      IF( ZCODE.EQ.90 .OR. ZCODE.EQ.122 ) THEN
*
*        ASCII is assumed - ZCODE is the ASCII code of either lower or
*        upper case 'Z'.
*
         IF( INTA.GE.97 .AND. INTA.LE.122 ) INTA = INTA - 32
         IF( INTB.GE.97 .AND. INTB.LE.122 ) INTB = INTB - 32
*
      ELSE IF( ZCODE.EQ.233 .OR. ZCODE.EQ.169 ) THEN
*
*        EBCDIC is assumed - ZCODE is the EBCDIC code of either lower or
*        upper case 'Z'.
*
         IF( INTA.GE.129 .AND. INTA.LE.137 .OR.
     $       INTA.GE.145 .AND. INTA.LE.153 .OR.
     $       INTA.GE.162 .AND. INTA.LE.169 ) INTA = INTA + 64
         IF( INTB.GE.129 .AND. INTB.LE.137 .OR.
     $       INTB.GE.145 .AND. INTB.LE.153 .OR.
     $       INTB.GE.162 .AND. INTB.LE.169 ) INTB = INTB + 64
*
      ELSE IF( ZCODE.EQ.218 .OR. ZCODE.EQ.250 ) THEN
*
*        ASCII is assumed, on Prime machines - ZCODE is the ASCII code
*        plus 128 of either lower or upper case 'Z'.
*
         IF( INTA.GE.225 .AND. INTA.LE.250 ) INTA = INTA - 32
         IF( INTB.GE.225 .AND. INTB.LE.250 ) INTB = INTB - 32
      END IF
      LSAME = INTA.EQ.INTB
*
*     RETURN
*
*     End of LSAME
*
      END

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